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The Golden Age of Russian Impressionism



Barbizon School


Art Fortune | Art Styles


circa (1830–1870)


The Barbizon school was a group of painters, named after the village of Barbizon near Fontainebleau Forest, France, where they gathered. The Barbizon painters were part of a movement to realism in art which came from the background of the prevailing Romantic Movement of the time. John Constable works, depicting rural scenes, which were exhibited in the Salon de Paris in 1824, influenced some of the younger artists of the time, prompting them to abandon formalism and to be inspired from nature directly. The artists gathered at Barbizon to follow Constable's ideas during the Revolutions of1848, making nature the subject of their paintings rather than simple backdrops to main events. In some cases the idea was went from purely landscape scenes to peasant figures, scenes of peasant life, and work in the fields. The Barbizon school discarded the Academic tradition and theory in hopes of making a more honest representation of the countryside. They were dedicated to depicting the working class in their paintings, showing the lives of farmers, woodsmen, gravediggers, and other workers. The paintings glorified the hard work and lives of their subjects. Some artists admired the beauty of their subject, while other chose the subject for social and political reasons. Most Barbizon School painters were rejected from the Paris Salons of their time and therefore were rebelling against industrial society in their work.


see also. Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot, Jean-François Millet and Charles-François Daubigny







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