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The Golden Age of Russian Impressionism





Art Fortune | Art Styles


circa (1919-1934)


Constructivism is a  Russian abstract movement which focused on art for the industrial age. Founded in 1913 by Vladimir Tatlin, the Russian Constructivist movement developed from Cubism, Italian Futurism, and Suprematism in Russia, Neo Plasticism in Holland, and the Bauhaus School in Germany. Its concept rejected the idea of "art for art's sake" in favor of art as a practice directed towards social purposes. It defined non-representational relief construction, sculpture, kinetics, and painting, and reacted to changes in technology and contemporary life, it promoted a change in the art scene, aiming to create a new order in art and architecture that catered to social and economic problems. Constructivism was one the first movements to adopt a strictly non-objective subject matter. The movement’s work was mostly geometric and accurately composed, sometimes through mathematics and measuring tools. Favoring the basic shapes of squares, rectangles, circles and triangles, constructivists used an array of materials including wood, celluloid, nylon, plexi-glass, tin, cardboard, and wire welded or glued together, later incorporating aluminum, electronics, and chrome. In using these forms and materials, their objective was to depict the power of the machine in the modern world and its coup over nature.

As much as involving itself in designs for industry, the Constructivists worked on public festivals and street designs for the post-October revolution of the Bolshevik government. Perhas the most famous of these was in Vitebsk, where Malevich's UNOVIS Group painted propaganda plaques and buildings (the best known being El Lissitzky's poster Beat the Whites with the Red Wedge (1919). The movement’s first Constructivist manifesto was written in 1921 when the First Working Group of Constructivists was formed in Moscow. The movement later spread to Holland and Germany before gaining international popularity. The style was initially supported by the Soviet Regime, but later was deemed unsuitable for mass propaganda reasons.


see also. El Lissitzky, Naum Gabo





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